Infertility is defined by the International Council on Infertility Information Dissemination (INCID) as a man and a woman who have been unable to conceive after a full calendar year of unprotected intercourse. Infertility will be caused by both men and women, and sometimes the issue is a shared one. This article discusses some of the common causes of infertility both in men and women.
Primary fertility is referred to as when a man and a woman possess tried to conceive, but have never accomplished a pregnancy together. There are many probable causes of primary infertility including an array of physical and emotional factors.
The foremost is Endometriosis. Endometriosis is a condition where the tissue that lines the womb, (endometrial tissue, ) sheds each month with the period but grows back again outside the uterus. Symptoms of this particular condition include painful menstruation, irregular or heavy bleeding and repeated miscarriages. Fortunately, there are surgical solutions for girls experiencing endometriosis. Using Leparoscopic surgery you can remove tissue and unblock tubes. After an laparoscopic surgical treatment forty to sixty percent are able to get pregnant within a year and a half after surgical procedure.
Ovulation problems are also a common problem that results in infertility in females. Endometriosis is a condition where the tissue that lines the uterus, (endometrial tissue, ) sheds each month with the period but grows outside the womb. This is usually due to a hormonal imbalance. There are drugs on the market that help activate proper ovulation. Some examples are individual chorionic gonadotrophin and Clomiphene. Along with proper treatment, seventy percent of women are able to obtain ovulation while twenty to 60 % are able to get pregnant.
Another common problem that affects fertility in ladies is egg quality. In certain situations a woman’s eggs can become damaged in such a way as to not sustain a pregnancy. Usually egg quality troubles are due to advanced age because the overall quality of eggs declines as a woman reaches her past due thirties and early forties. Unfortunately there are no ways to treat egg deterioration due to aging. Egg donation or surrogacy is a solution that many couples use when running straight into problems associated with egg quality.
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Around forty-three percent of women who get a fertilized egg from a donor are able to become pregnant.
Infertility can be attributed to the man between thirty-five and forty % of the time. Male tube blockages is among the most common conditions experienced by men unable to properly fertilize an egg. A tube blockage includes anything that obstructs the vas deferens or epididymuis. The blockage stops sperm through making the journey from the testicles proper delivery. It is possible to use surgical procedure to discover, isolate and repair obstructions. Of those who undergo surgery to mend tube blockages, around forty percent are capable of properly impregnating their companion within twelve months of the surgery.
One more common problem for men experiencing infertility has to do with the sperm itself. If a man has a low sperm count, it could be that fertility drugs are needed to boost the production of sperm. Another option is definitely artificial insemination, where a doctor injects sperm from a donor directly into a good egg. Artificial insemination results in about a twenty-five percent success rate.
Less than ten percent of men and women who are infertile have negative reactions to sperm. To get couples who are experiencing problems related to sperm allergy, a number of sperm cleaning solutions are available. Intrauterine insemination plus assisted conception treatments are 2 examples of solutions for those experiencing semen allergy. The rate of success will be believed to be anywhere between the twenty and forty percent range, though the quantities are sometimes debated.
Finally, between twenty and thirty-five percent of all male fertility problems for both men and women go unexplained. Studies have shown that fifteen to thirty percent of couples that are suffering from fertility problems are able to conceive within five years. For those who are not able to get pregnant with that five year time period, lower than ten percent are able to conceive without some type of medical intervention.
There are a number of factors that a couple may be experiencing male fertility concerns. As discussed above, each major condition associated with fertility difficulties has either a direct solution or suggested method for overcoming the worry. Hopefully a greater understanding of what causes infertility will help put some couples comfortable and realize that they are non only.