Meaning and Nature Of Mathematics

“Mathematics is the Science of number and Space”
“Mathematics is the Science of Measurement, quantity and Magnitude.”
These definitions clearly indicate that Mathematics is an accepted Science which deals with the quantitative aspect of our life and knowledge.

Mathematics has been recognized as one of the Central Strings of human intellectual activity throughout the centuries.
The Word “Mathematics” has been used in two distinct and different senses. i.e. One as a method used to solve the problems of quality, space, order etc. and the second as a set of laws or generalizations of truths that are discovered.
Mathematics is a tool specially suited for dealing with abstract concepts of any kind and there is no limit to its power in this field.
In other words, as in mathematics we find results at the abstract level with the help of process of reasoning, therefore mathematics may be regarded as a science of abstract forms.
As expressed by Hindi Mathematicians, “Mathematics(Ganita) means the Science of Calculation.”
From the above opinions we include that Mathematics is a Science of Quality and Space. It deals with the questions and problems involving size, portion, area, time interval, distance etc. It is also a science of calculation involving the use of number and symbols.

It deals with the relationship between magnitudes. It deals with Numerical part of Man’s life.
In this way it is a Systematic, organized and exact branch of science, which deals with abstract concepts.


Mathematics, like everything else that man has created, exists to fulfil certain human needs and desires.
The dominant intellectual interest of mankind shows that, mathematics appeals very powerfully to mankind.
It involves man’s high cognitive powers.
It has its own language-signs, symbols, terms and operations etc.
It has its own tools like intuition, logic, reasoning, analysis, construction, generality and individuality etc.

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